Top 5 Kindergarten Math Concepts

Homeschooled or not, when a child reaches about 5 years old, there are several key kindergarten math concepts they’ll begin to learn. I for one am not too strict about keeping up with common core or the pre-mandated milestones. However, there are a few math skills we begin teaching our children around the kindergarten age.

Top 5 Kindergarten Math Concepts

At this age and grade, children are still very much in the season of exploration. They are figuring out how to learn and what that looks like for themselves. Entering into our 7th year of homeschooling, we’ve learned how to embrace each of our children’s unique learning styles and go where the needs lead.

It’s safe to say that most of our children are hands-on learners who enjoy using manipulatives in structured and free play. Needless to say, I’m that mom who has an entire bookshelf dedicated to sensory bins, puzzles, egg cartons turned into games, and more.

These come in handy, though, especially when teaching math. While every family, homeschooling parent, and child are different, there are 5 main concepts I believe every kindergartner should know.

1. Numbers

Being able to count in order to at least 20 is a great start to number recognition. This sets the stage for seeing a number and knowing what it is to eventually telling time and counting money. We like to use everyday life as ways to teach numbers. There are times when we’re counting the tires on a vehicle or the number of signs we pass driving down the road.

2. Geometric Shapes

Typically children start learning about traditional shapes around 3 years old, so by the time they reach 5 or 6, it’s safe to start introducing the 3-D shapes. Not to mention, these are shapes that can be seen all the time. From the basketball and soda can to a pyramid-shaped block, geometric shapes are easier to teach than you may think!

Teaching cursive writing? Snag a free printable here!

3. Telling Time

I personally don’t think this is a skill that has to mastered at this age, per se, more than simply introduced. Our daughter is somewhere between kindergarten and first grade and she is just now truly picking up on telling time accurately; however, at first she did good by just learning the minute and hour hand. We would use certain times of the day to teach her how to read a clock (breakfast, snack, lunch, etc.).

4. Patterns

At first I wasn’t so sure how important learning patterns were, until I realized the connection they helped make to learning routines. By sticking with roughly the same schedule each day, our children are able to pick up on the concept of patterns fairly easily.

5. Money

Welcome to the age of, “Can I buy that?” By this age our children are receiving money for doing little odd jobs and going above and beyond on chores. We are teaching them the value of money, how to save, and smart spending. When we go to the store and want to purchase something, we help them count it out, pay for their item, and understand how much they get back.

How to Teach Kindergarten Concepts

First and foremost I recommend taking into consideration the unique development of your child. Some are ready for full blown lessons from workbooks or textbooks, while others need a more gentle approach.

I like to start out with posters, especially printable ones that can be kept in their morning and me-time binders. They can have the visual met with the physical by incorporating fun interactive notebooks. I personally created the Kinder-Pants Mathematics activity binder for this very reason.

And I made a few printable posters of the concepts that are a bit more difficult to pick up on. If you’re wanting to help teach your children in this way as well, I’m giving you my 4-pack of Kindergarten Math Printable Posters FREE!! Snag them below!


CHIME IN: What math concepts are your kindergartner learning? Let me know in the comments below!

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